After the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, the two countries fought for two wars in kashmir. In 2003, the two sides reached a ceasefire in the area of Kashmir’s actual control line, but since then, the two sides have repeatedly accused the other of damaging the ceasefire agreement. Recently, the Pakistani Indian armed forces exchanged fire again, the people are very panic. India and Pakistan exchange and upgrade. 8 this month, the Pakistani Indian army in the Kashmir region fierce exchanges of fire, both sides accused the other side fired on their own, and cause casualties. 8, the two sides accused each other of fighting, the Pakistan foreign ministry twice summoned the Deputy High Commissioner of India in Pakistan protest. Pakistan said that the Indian army "deliberately targeting civilians as a violation of international humanitarian law should be condemned" and called on India to abide by the ceasefire agreement between the two sides in 2003. India’s defense ministry said it had opened fire on Indian controlled Kashmir, and the India army responded". 9 days of fighting the Pakistani army again confirmed the destruction of the Indian army post so India responded "no reason" at local time on the evening of 9, Pakistan and India in Kashmir clashed again. Pakistani media reported that Pakistan destroyed 2 Indian Army posts and killed 4 India soldiers. India also fought back. According to reports from the Pakistan media, the Pakistani action is a tough response to the shelling by the 8 Indian army over the actual line of control between the two sides without reason. Pakistani military said in a statement, for the Indian army such provocative behavior, the Pakistani military will take all measures to protect civilians. According to the latest statistics released by Pakistan, this year, clashes in the border between Pakistan and India have killed 18 civilians and wounded 105 people in Pakistan. India and Pakistan have a long history of Kashmir. After the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, the two countries fought for two wars in kashmir. India considers Kashmir to be an inalienable part of its territory. Pakistan insists that the ownership of Kashmir should be resolved by referendum, in accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiri people. In 2003, the two sides reached a ceasefire in the area of Kashmir’s actual control line, but since then, the two sides have repeatedly accused the other of damaging the ceasefire agreement. What is this a fire Pakistan? Is it an accident? What is the impact on the situation in the region? The issue of India Pakistan Kashmir has a long history, and its essential root lies in the geopolitical hidden dangers of the British colonists in the "separation of India and Pakistan" in 1947. In this sense, the conflict between India and Pakistan is in fact for the British "exit" when the "buried nails" to pay the bill". Kashmir is of strategic importance to both India and Pakistan. Because of its geographical features, the Kashmir region has important strategic significance for both India and pakistan. In Pakistan, if India full control of Kashmir, Pakistan’s core interests will be damaged; for India, if Pakistan fully controlled Kashmir, northwest of India will also be "no insurance Shou", including New Delhi in plain area will lose the barrier. Because of this, the two sides have fought fiercely in Kashmir, which has erupted two wars. The two sides reached the current ceasefire agreement in 2003 after a long-term ceasefire in heavily confrontation.

1947年印巴分治后,两国为争夺克什米尔地区发生过两次战争。2003年,双方在克什米尔实际控制线一带达成停火协议,但此后双方仍时常指责对方破坏停火协议。近日,巴印军队再度发生交火,民众非常恐慌。

印度和巴基斯坦交火再升级。本月8日,印巴军队在克什米尔地区激烈交火,双方均指责对方朝己方开火并造成人员伤亡。

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8日交火 双方互相指责

巴基斯坦外交部两度召见印度驻巴基斯坦副高级专员表示抗议。巴方表示,印军“故意以平民作为目标,违背了国际人道主义法则,应受到谴责”,要求印度遵守双方2003年达成的停火协议。

而印度国防部表示,“巴方先向印控克什米尔地区开火,印度军队进行了回击”。

9日再交火巴军方证实摧毁印军哨所

以回应印度“无故”开火

当地时间9日傍晚,巴基斯坦和印度在克什米尔地区再度发生交火。巴基斯坦媒体报道,巴方摧毁了2处印军哨所,并打死4名印度士兵。而印度方面也进行了回击。

根据巴基斯坦媒体的报道,巴方行动是对8日印军无故跨过双方实际控制线对巴境内炮击的强硬回应。巴军方在声明中称,对印军此类挑衅行为,巴军方都将采取一切措施保护平民。根据巴方公布的最新统计数据,今年以来,发生在巴印边境的交火冲突已造成巴基斯坦境内18名平民死亡,105人受伤。

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印巴克什米尔问题由来已久

1947年印巴分治后,两国为争夺克什米尔地区发生过两次战争。印度认为,克什米尔是其领土不可分割的一部分。巴基斯坦则坚持克什米尔的归属应遵照克什米尔人的意愿,通过全民公决解决。2003年,双方在克什米尔实际控制线一带达成停火协议,但此后双方仍时常指责对方破坏停火协议。

这一次印巴交火原因是什么?是偶发事件吗?对地区局势又有何影响?

印巴克什米尔问题由来已久,其本质根源在于英国殖民者在1947年“印巴分治”时种下的地缘政治隐患。从这一意义上说,印巴之间的冲突,其实是在为英国“退出”时埋下的钉子“买单”。

克什米尔地区对印巴双方具有重要战略意义

由于地理特点,克什米尔地区对印巴双方都具有重要的战略意义。对巴方而言,如果印度完全控制克什米尔,巴基斯坦的核心利益将受到严重损害;对印度而言,如果巴基斯坦完全控制克什米尔,印度西北部也将“无险可守”,包括新德里在内的纵深平原地区均将失去屏障。

正因为如此,印巴双方在克什米尔争夺激烈,前后已爆发过两次战争。双方在2003年达成现行停火协议后,在停火线形成长期重兵对峙局面。沿着这条对峙界线,已经发生过多次小规模摩擦。关于历次摩擦与冲突的起因,多形成双方相互指责之势。

印巴交火助推南亚地区紧张局势

此次印巴两军的交火事件究竟是谁引发,目前尚难以清晰确认。但外界能够清楚的是:8日早上两军进行了互射,各有人员伤亡,巴方伤亡人员为平民;9日,巴军向印军进行报复性炮击,摧毁了印方的两处哨所,并声称打死4名印军士兵。类似这样的交火事件,与此前案例极为相似。严格意义而言,大量部队云集高原冰川地区,并在紧张局势下长期对峙,出现意外摩擦几乎是必然结果。

此次交火与过去不同之处在于近期的地区局势背景。由于南亚地区近期紧张局势升级,印巴之间的交火,无疑构成了推动局势的又一个因素,其背景超越了克什米尔问题本身,涉及到印巴之间的整体博弈,乃至于整个南亚次大陆的格局发展。

印度虽有称雄之心 却无相应实力

进入本世纪后,印巴双边关系总体保持稳定,未发生过大规模的武装冲突。但是,印度仍有在南亚次大陆“称雄”之心,因此其外交和军事动作整体上呈现出“强势”和“攻势”的特点。而且,印度的眼光并不仅限于陆地,还希望真正控制整个印度洋,掌控亚欧之间、东亚与中东非洲之间的联络通道,全面提升自身在国际社会的话语权。这与其希望成为联合国安理会常任理事国的目标也是想配套的。

在如此战略思维的指导之下,印度对周边地区四处伸手,也成为了一种必然。印度军方最近声称要打“2.5场战争”,这不仅体现了其将周边多个国家作为明确假想敌的心态,也体现了其对于自身能力认知的缺陷。

巴基斯坦与印度在中印对峙下交火 是为哪般?

印度虽有称雄之心,却无相应的实力。近年来,印度经济发展增速明显放缓,其国内经济社会发展问题多多,其东北部的独立运动和武装反抗也有抬头之势。作为一个没有经历过革命和社会改革的新兴国家,印度原本应该抓住世界经济发展的外部机遇,在国内推行大规模改革,真正将国家推上工业化道路,但目前看,印度似乎还要在旧的套路里走下去。

至于克什米尔问题,今后可能还会持续目前的紧张对峙局面。对于印度而言,如果其将其它方向作为首要目标,克什米尔将成为时刻在背的那根“芒刺”。相关的主题文章: